What are the differences and similarities between Oxford polyester and nylon?

Update:10-08-2020
Summary:

There are differences between Oxford cloth polyester an […]

There are differences between Oxford cloth polyester and nylon, but there is no similarity, because polyester and zhi nylon are not the same thing.

Polyester is the trade name of polyester fiber in China. Polyester fibre (polyester fibre) is a synthetic fibre obtained by spinning polyester formed by polycondensation of organic dibasic acid and diol. The industrially mass-produced polyester fiber is made of polyethylene terephthalate, the English abbreviation is PET, which is currently the most productive and versatile fiber among synthetic fibers. Generally speaking, if the polyester fiber It is not specifically stated that it refers to polyester. Polyester fiber is actually a large family. In addition to PET obtained by polycondensation of terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol, there are also PBT, terephthalic acid and 1,3,3 synthesized from terephthalic acid and 1,3-propanediol. PTT synthesized with 4-butanediol.

 

 

Oxford cloth is a new type of fabric with various functions and extensive uses. The main products on the market include: checkered, full stretch, nylon, and tige. Oxford cloth (oxford), also known as Oxford spinning. Originated in England, the traditional combed cotton fabric named after Oxford University, Oxford cloth began around 1900. The finer combed high-count yarn is used as the double warp, which is interwoven with the thicker weft yarn in a flat weave structure.
Soft color, soft cloth body, good air permeability, comfortable to wear, easy to wash and quick-drying, mostly used as shirts, sportswear and pajamas. There are many varieties of products, such as plain color, bleaching, color warp and white weft, color warp and color weft, medium and light color strip patterns, etc.; there are also polyester-cotton yarns woven.

Nylon is the trade name of polyamide fiber, and its trade name in China is nylon. Nylon was developed by the outstanding American scientist Carothers (Carothers) and a scientific research team under his leadership. It was the first synthetic fiber to appear in the world. There are also two major categories of nylon:
One type is obtained by polycondensation of diamine and diacid, namely PA-XY, X and Y represent the number of carbon atoms in the diamine and diacid in the raw material, X and Y can be the same or different.
The other type is obtained by lactam polycondensation or ring-opening polymerization, namely PA-X, X represents the number of carbon atoms in the lactam in the raw material,
At present, the nylon used in clothing is mainly polyhexamethylene adipate-PA-66 and polycaprolactam-PA-6